Arthroplasty involves the surgical reconstruction and replacement of degenerated joints using artificial body parts or prosthetics. The procedure involves surgically removing parts of the arthritic or damaged joint to be replaced by a metal, plastic or ceramic device called a prosthesis. Designed to replicate the movement of a natural and healthy joint, the prosthesis is considered only after all other treatment options have been exhausted or ruled out and are unable to provide relief from pain or is unable to restore normalcy
Arthroplasty literally means ‘ surgical repair of a joint’ and is performed to replace joints like the hip, knee, ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow. It is also the preferred course of action in case of conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, cartilage deformity, trauma injury, and meniscus and ligament damage.